Furniture generally refers to movable, removable objects designed to support different human activities like eating, seating, and sleeping. Furniture is frequently used in homes, offices, hotels, malls, schools, churches, reception areas, conference rooms, libraries, and even prisons to hold important items for daily use. Furniture is a very functional product of interior design and has been considered an expressive form of visual art. Although furniture is now mass-produced, it is still important for craftsmen to make individual-specific pieces for their customers’ satisfaction.
The history of furniture designs dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. The concepts of furniture design were passed down from one culture to another over the centuries, with advancements in technology resulting in more durable and adaptable materials, such as cast iron, glass, and wood. In the 17th century, the term “furniture” was first used by the French but later on, furniture designs became popular all over Europe including Scandinavia, England, and Germany. With the onset of Industrial Revolution, increased urbanization, and new discoveries in the textile industry, furniture design began to take shape. Throughout the late 1800s, furniture designing became an international business that included countries like France, Italy, the Netherlands, Germany, and Spain.
Throughout ancient times, the Egyptians, Babylonians, Aztecs, and the Peruvians are known to be the people who made the most intricate designs of ancient furniture. Although it is impossible to classify exact designs of ancient furniture in the past, we can certainly learn from the designs and patterns that were handed down to us through the different generations. The most commonly known types of ancient furniture were the chairs and tables that have solid wood bases and spindles made of wood that is usually painted white, usually with flowers, and decorated with ceramic or pottery figures and animals. Some examples of these designs can be seen in the public places such as the US House of Congress, the British Houses of Parliament, the Russian Tsar, and the Chateau de Versailles.